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A Different View Of Gender Mainstreaming

In today’s world, non-selective societies that contain diversity are societies that develop at different speeds in terms of enhancement, economy and prosperity. Nations that respect the diversity of values, accommodate different generations and ages and provide opportunities for them, attain productivity, performance and happiness more easily, while nations that also ignore gender differences in society are living economically more advanced, modern and decently.

The Declaration of Human Rights issued by the United Nations, articles 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 18 and 22 and 23, in particular, sets out very clearly the diversity, equality and the right of everyone to a GOOD LIFE and also guides countries and economies.  

Different backgrounds, ages, ethnicities, abilities, competencies, energy, attitudes and gender diversity have positive effects on sociological issues such as from the smallest unit of societies (family) to institutions, on decision-making skills in social settings, on relationship management and commitment. This diversity reduces the risk of ‘thinking in groups’ , that is, similar copied movements and outputs, and serves to form stronger creative communities from today to the future. 

That is why we should care about creating HOLISTIC programs aimed at spreading the principles of diversity, equality, inclusiveness, quality of life, positive thinking and communication in society.

I believe that the most important issue on this path is to eliminate UNCONSCIOUS PREJUDICES and provide content and flow focused on solving UNITY, TOGETHERNESS and balanced life integrally.

On the other hand, the issue of gender balance is again a common focus of many platforms, including the World Economic Forum.

As known, we know that the decrease in the difference in the employment rates of men and women is making significant gains in terms of the country’s economy on a macro scale. The OECD and EU 2020 Strategy underlines that the establishment of strong economies and the sustainability of countries’ social security systems depend on women’s greater employment in paid jobs. The OECD predicts that if the labor force participation rates of men and women approach each other, a potential increase of 12% will be achieved in the total economies of all OECD countries, including Turkey, by 2030.

Despite the fact that the participation of women in employment will contribute to companies and the country’s economy at such a significant level, the participation rate of women in employment in Turkey is unfortunately very low. As of 2016 Turkey is the country with the lowest female employment among OECD countries with 31.3%. 

Another area that is worth noting is that Turkey is the country with the largest female population outside of education and employment in the OECD countries with the 15-24 age range, indicating that we don’t have much time to lose to consolidate women’s place in business life. 

Effective participation of the female population in the economy cannot be achieved …

  • According to the data of the World Economic Forum Gender Gap Index for 2016, Turkey ranks 130th among 144 countries.
  • 129th place in the sub-index of participation and opportunities in the economy 
  • 130th place in the labor force participation
  • In the Equal Work Equal Pay sub-index, it is ranked 98th

Labor Force Participation according to the Level of Education :

Female Male

Illiterate                                              24,2 % 46,6 %

Literate                              25,8 % 79 %

Primary School Graduate                          33,1 % 80,8 %

High School Graduate             36,2 % 74,2 %

Postgraduate and University             73,2 % 89 %

In line with all this, and as a result of the evolution of men and women, PATRIARCHAL misconceptions, the realities of modern and urban life, women find it difficult to figure out their balance with the many burdens they have taken on, and as a result, we live in two situations socially. 

1- The fact that women turn to household chores and move away from employment on the grounds of marriage and childbirth. (Here it is quite important to identify the points of fracture and studies on the root causes)

2- A woman experiences difficulties in terms of physical and mental health by switching to a tendency to masculine behavior without realizing it in business life. 

At this point, it is important that businesses build women empowerment programs, especially with the awareness of this situation, while trying to increase the presence of women in employment in terms of gender balance and numbers.

It is possible to talk about real gender equality with the equal display of feminine competencies and masculine competencies in a society and institution. In other words, we cannot talk about a real balance again unless it is possible to have an equal, free distribution and living of these competencies around the table, within the family. 

In order to overcome all these difficulties, important responsibilities fall on all segments of society. 

In this regard, the ownership and implementation of the 7 principles of the United Nations WEPS at all levels of society, monitoring its results and public reporting will help strengthen the place and importance of women in economic life and increase their dignity. 

In order for the programs to spread holistically and provide benefits, it is very important to proceed with training and seminar programs again.


Dr. Nil Keskin 

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